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Basil or sweet basil is a popular culinary herb botanically known as Ocimum basilicum of the family Lamiaceae (mint). Basil is an annual plant, which is originally from Asia before spreading to other parts of the world. Basil is a Greek word (basileus), which literally means king. Basil, which is highly rich in phyto-nutrients is a popular culinary flavor that gives distinguished taste to food. Basil is greenish in color with a pointed round leaves in appearance. Sometimes referred to as Saint Joseph’s Wort, basil has a varying taste ranging from sweet, pungent or strong. This leaf is sought out by many people due to its numerous benefits to human health.
Researchers reveal that basil contains varieties of essential oils that are rich in polyphenolic and phenolic compounds such as flavonoids and anthocyanins.Basil leaves possess strong antiviral, antimicrobial and antioxidant properties in them due to the presence of compounds such as ethanol, vicenin and orientin in them. Basil is used for treating stomach disorders such as intestinal gas, stomach spasms and loss of appetite.
|Place Of Origin||Neemuch|
|English,Sanskrit ,Hindi ,Family & Name||Sweet basil, Ajaka Brinda, Manjari, Tulsi, Baranda, Kala Tulsi, Labiatae|
|Leaves||Used in various medicine and also contains essential oil|
|Seed||Has essential oil and also used in summers as a cooling agent|
|Usage||For treatment of cold and flu|