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Black cardamom, also known as hill cardamom, Bengal cardamom, greater cardamom, Indian cardamom,[1winged cardamom or brown cardamom, comes from either of two species in the family Zingiberaceae. Its seed pods have a strong camphor-like flavor, with a smoky character derived from the method of drying. In Ayurvedic and Unani medicines large cardamoms are used as a preventive as well as a curative for throat troubles, congestion of lungs, inflammation of eyelids, digestive disorders and in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis.Medicinally, the seeds are credited with stimulant, stomachic, alexipharmic and astrigent properties, and are prescribed for the treatment of indigestation, vomiting, biliousness, abdominal pains and rectal diseases. A decoction of the seeds is used as a gargle in affections of the teeth and gums. With melon seeds, they are used as a diuretic in cases of gravel of the kidneys. They promote elimination of bile and are useful in congestion of liver; they are also used in gonorrhoea. In large doses (30 grains) with quinine, they are useful in neuralgia. The pericarp is useful in headache and heals stomatitis. The aromatic oil extracted from the seeds is applied to the eyes to allay inflammation.