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Ashwagandha belongs to the Solanaceae family and its scientific name is Withania somnifera. It is also known as Indian ginseng or winter cherry. In Sanskrit, it is known by the name Ashwagandha, which means the odor of a horse. It is named so because of the odor of horse sweat that the roots seem to emanate. The plant originated from India and it grows best in dry regions. It is a robust plant that can survive very high temperatures and low temperatures, ranging from 40°C to as low as 10°C. Ashwagandha grows from sea level to an altitude of 1500 meters above sea level.
It has anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidizing, anti-stress, sleep-inducing and drug withdrawal properties. Many formulations that are made from Ashwagandha improve the musculo-skeletal problems such as arthritis and rheumatism. It also acts as a tonic that boosts energy, and improves overall health and longevity.
The main chemical constituents are alkaloids and steroidal lactones. These include tropine and cuscohygrine. There are also the alkaloids ashwagandhine, ashwaganidhine, and somniferine, all of which have been identified exclusively in the ashwagandha plant itself.
|Place Of Origin||Neemuch|
|English, Sanskrit ,Hindi & Family Name||Cluster winter cherry Indian ginseng, Ashwagandha, Ashwakandika, Asagandh, Punir,Solanaceae|
|Usage||Improving body's immune system|
|Leaves||Leaves for fever, painful swellings and ophthalmia|
|Seed||Hypnotic, diuretic, used for coagulating milk|